1. Brown and Hodek (1983). Diapause and Life Cycle Strategies in Insects. Entomologica Vol. 23. Dr. W. Junk Publishers: The Hague.
  2. Coetzer, J. A. W. and Tustin, R. C. 2004. Infectious diseases of Livestock (2nd edition). Oxford University Press.
  3. Randolph, S. (2005).  Tick ecology: processes and patterns behind the epidemiological risk posed by ixodid ticks as vectors. Parasitology 129(S1), S37-S65. (Randolph 2005.pdf)
  4. Kleiboeker et al. (1998). African swine fever virus infection in the argasid host, Ornithodoros porcinus porcinus. J Virol 72(3), 1711-1724. (ASF_Ornithodoros.pdf)
  5. Norval, RAI, Andrew, HR, Yunker, CE, & Burridge, MJ 1992 Biological processes in the epidemiology of heartwater. In Fivaz, BH, Petney, TN & Horak, IG (eds). Tick vector biology: medical and veterinary aspects. Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71-86.
  6. Shaw et al. (2001). Tick-borne infectious diseases of dogs. Trends Parasitol 17(2), 74-80. (Transmission by ingestion.pdf).
  7. Walker, AR, Bouattour, A, Camicas, J-L, Estrada-Peña, A, Horak, IG, Latif, AA, Pegram, RG, Preston,PM 2003. Ticks of domestic animals in Africa: a guide to identification of species. Bioscience Reports, 095451730X
  8. Tick website of African ticks: