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Zoonoses and the dairy industry

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Term: 2014
Published: February 24, 2014
Revised: February 24, 2014

Fact sheet

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Fact sheet: Zoonoses and the dairy industry Prof Cheryl McCrindle

Informal milk production in rural areas is crucial for food security, but the lack of herd health as well as pasteurisation increases the risk for consumers. Outbreaks of zoonoses, such as brucellosis, bovine tuberculosis and Rift Valley fever, can have severe adverse economic effects at herd level as well as on national economies, due to trade embargos. 

This module considers the implications of zoonotic diseases transmitted by both dairy animals and milk products. These include the international (e.g. OIE, Codex) and local regulatory framework for dairy products. Even more so than meat, milk hygiene legislation is fragmented, with most of the regulatory control falling under the Department of Health, while the control schemes for brucellosis and tuberculosis fall under the Division of Veterinary Services of the Department of Agriculture.

The regulatory framework for the import and export of dairy animals and dairy products as well as food safety aspects along the dairy food chains will be discussed.. Methods for auditing and risk analysis for zoonotic diseases, particularly brucellosis and bovine tuberculosis as well as sampling methods are dealt with.

Other relevant information

  • Milk Hygiene: Integrated food chain safety management and quality control
  • Milk Hygiene: Welfare of the dairy animal
  • Milk Hygiene: Residues and contaminants
  • Milk Hygiene: Biosecurity and environmental impact.
     

This Work, Zoonoses and the dairy industry, by Prof Cheryl McCrindle is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license.